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    LEARNING GUIDE TO:

    BALLAD OF A SOLDIER
    (In Russian with English Subtitles)

    SUBJECTS — World/WW II & Russia;
    SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING — Courage in War;
    MORAL-ETHICAL EMPHASIS — Trustworthiness.
    Age: 10+; No MPAA Rating; Drama; 1960, 89 minutes; B & W; Available from Amazon.com.


    Description:     A young Russian soldier disables two German tanks and is rewarded with a trip home to see his mother. This film is the story of that journey. "Ballad of a Soldier" is a classic WW II Soviet propaganda film produced by a country that was at the time an ally of the United States and Great Britain. The movie is one of the most honored and popular films of its time and genre.


    Benefits of the Movie: This movie shows the Eastern front from the Russian point of view, the massive hardships suffered by the Russian people during WW II, and their heroism in repelling the German invaders.


    Possible Problems: None. While this is a propaganda film, it is about a war in which the U.S. and the Soviets fought on the same side. It shows the valor of a people defending their homeland.


    Parenting Points:     Tell children that this is what really good Russian Soviet propaganda looked like. They were our allies during the Second World War, the time this movie was made. Tell your kids some of the facts in the Helpful Background section.

 









LEARNING GUIDE MENU
Benefits of the Movie
Possible Problems
Parenting Points
Selected Awards & Cast
Helpful Background
Discussion Questions:
      Subjects (Curriculum Topics)
      Social-Emotional Learning
      Moral-Ethical Emphasis
            (Character Counts)
Bridges to Reading
Links to the Internet
Assignments, Projects & Activities
Bibliography


WORKSHEETS: TWM offers the following worksheets to keep students' minds on the movie and direct them to the lessons that can be learned from the film. Teachers can modify the worksheets to fit the needs of each class. See also TWM's Historical Fiction in Film Cross-Curricular Homework Project and Movies as Literature Homework Project.





    Selected Awards, Cast and Director:

      Selected Awards:  1962 Academy Awards Nominations: Best Writing, Story and Screenplay - Written Directly for the Screen.

      Featured Actors:  Vladimir Ivashov, Shanna Prokhorenko, Antonina Maximova and Nikolai Kruchkov.

      Director:  Grigori Chukhrai.
 

QUICK DISCUSSION QUESTION:   What country suffered the worst losses in WW II and what were those losses?

Suggested Response: The Soviet Union (Russia). See Helpful Background section.


    Helpful Background:

    Much of the Second World War was fought on Russian soil. By the Fall of 1941, the Germans had captured the Baltic nations, the Ukraine and most of European Russia. Usually when they occupied Russian territory the Germans found only burned villages and industrial plants that had been either removed beyond the Ural mountains or destroyed. But in the Baltic states, Byelorussia and the Ukraine, many citizens who had been alienated by harsh Stalinist rule welcomed the invaders.

    Millions of Soviet soldiers were captured after the German armies encircled them. Some were simply annihilated while others were sent to slave labor camps. There were 1,250,000 Russian military and civilian casualties from the siege of Leningrad alone.

    The German invasion stalled in the winter of 1941. The advance on Leningrad was checked in September 1941 and the advance on Moscow was turned back a month later. However, the Germans did not give up easily. The Russians permanently gained the offensive only after the battle of Stalingrad which raged from August 1942 to January 1943.

    The cost of the war to the Soviet Union was twenty million people killed, thirteen million military and seven million civilian. The United States, in comparison, suffered no civilian losses and about 400,000 military deaths in all of WW II. The entire British Empire and all of the Commonwealth nations suffered 452,000 military deaths and 60,000 civilian deaths in the war. Germany, despite its defeat, suffered less numerically than the Soviet Union with 3,500,000 military deaths and 3,800,000 civilian deaths. Note that because Germany had a smaller population than the Soviet Union the relative effect of the casualties on Germany is not reflected in this comparison.

    In addition to the loss of life, the European portion of the Soviet Union, its most developed area, was devastated.

    During the Second World War, the United States provided Russia with eleven billion dollars worth of food, weapons and other materiel through the lend-lease program. The canned beef with which Alyosha bribed the sentry could very well have been supplied by the Americans.
 




Click here for TWM's lesson plans to introduce cinematic and theatrical technique.







Reminder to Teachers: Obtain all required permissions from your school administration before showing any film.

Teachers who want parental permission to show this movie can use TWM's Movie Permission Slip.
 


Select questions that are appropriate for your students.




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    Social-Emotional Learning Discussion Questions:

    COURAGE IN WAR

    1.  Was there any luck involved in Alyosha becoming a hero? What was it?
 



    Moral-Ethical Emphasis Discussion Questions (Character Counts)

    Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues will facilitate the use of this film to teach ethical principles and critical viewing. Additional questions are set out below.

    TRUSTWORTHINESS

    (Be honest; Don't deceive, cheat or steal; Be reliable -- do what you say you'll do; Have the courage to do the right thing; Build a good reputation; Be loyal -- stand by your family, friends and country)


    1.  Does the message of this film take the concept of loyalty to country a little too far?

    2.  Did Alyosha do the right thing by lying to Pavlov's father about how well Pavlov was doing in the Army and that Pavlov wanted to give him the gift of soap? Was the father right to send a false message concerning Pavlov's wife? What use would it have been to tell Pavlov the truth? Is this what we mean when we use the term, "a white lie?"

    3.  This story shows an official taking a bribe. How does bribery, a serious problem in Russia and in many other countries, undermine the social order?
 


Teachwithmovies.com is a Character Counts "Six Pillars Partner" and uses The Six Pillars of Character to organize ethical principles.

Character Counts and the Six Pillars of Character are marks of the CHARACTER COUNTS! Coalition, a project of the Josephson Institute of Ethics.







Give us your feedback! Was the Guide helpful? If so, which sections were most helpful? Do you have any suggestions for improvement? Email us!


    Bridges to Reading: Animal Farm, by George Orwell.
  MOVIES ON RELATED TOPICS: See films about Russia collected in the World History/Other Cultures section of the Subject Matter Index.


    Links to the Internet: None.
 



 



 

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