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    SUBJECTS — U.S./1945 - 1991; Diversity &South Carolina;
    SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING — Male Role Model; Work/Career;
    Age: 10+; MPAA Rating -- PG; Drama; 1974; 111 minutes; Color; Available from Amazon.com.

    Description:     A young white man volunteers to teach at a school on one of South Carolina's isolated barrier islands. He finds tremendous cultural deficits among his black students and a racist white educational establishment which doesn't tolerate innovation. The film is based on the book The Water is Wide by Patrick Conroy.

    Benefits of the Movie: "Conrack" can support discussions about the barrier islands and their distinctive Gullah culture. Another potential topic relates to how an individual can try to change society.

    Possible Problems: MINOR. Smoking and alcohol abuse are shown.

    Parenting Points:     Describe the Gullah culture (see Helpful Background section) and locate Beaufort, South Carolina, on a map. This the nearest city to the fictional Yamacraw Island. Show your child some other sea islands along the southeast coast of the U.S. If your child displays an interest in Gullah culture, have him or her search the Internet for sites relating to the Gullah. Ask the Quick Discussion Question and lead your child through the answer.


Benefits of the Movie
Possible Problems
Parenting Points
Selected Awards & Cast
Helpful Background
Discussion Questions:
      Subjects (Curriculum Topics)
      Social-Emotional Learning
      Moral-Ethical Emphasis
            (Character Counts)
Bridges to Reading
Links to the Internet
Assignments, Projects & Activities

WORKSHEETS: TWM offers the following worksheets to keep students' minds on the movie and direct them to the lessons that can be learned from the film. Teachers can modify the movie worksheets to fit the needs of each class. See also TWM's Historical Fiction in Film Cross-Curricular Homework Project.

    Selected Awards, Cast and Director:

      Selected Awards:  None.

      Featured Actors:  John Voight, Paul Winfield, Madge Sinclair.

      Director:  Martin Ritt.

QUICK DISCUSSION QUESTION:   What was the value of an education to the children Conroy was teaching?

Suggested Response: It would permit them to taste the outside world, and if they liked it, to leave the islands.

    Helpful Background:

    Yamacraw Island, the fictional location of the events depicted in this movie, is one of the Sea Islands, a group of low marshy islands located off the coast of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Before the Civil War the islands contained large plantations that specialized in growing rice and long staple cotton. After the Civil War the newly freed slaves took over the land and lived in isolation for decades. They developed a distinctive culture and dialect both of which are called "Gullah."

    The Gullah dialect is a mixture of several West African languages and pre-Civil War black English. It is not understood by English speaking Americans. Some Gullah words have been absorbed into modern English. They include: "goober," "gumbo," and "voodoo."

    Yamacraw Island is said to be just off Beaufort, South Carolina. The major Sea Islands off the South Carolina coast are: St. Helena, Port Royal, Parris and Hilton Head. They are also known as the Barrier Islands.
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    Discussion Questions:

    1.  See Discussion Questions for Use With any Film that is a Work of Fiction.

    2.  What was the origin of the Gullah civilization and what were the unique factors that created it?

    3.  What is the origin of the Gullah dialect?

    4.  Why were these kids so backward?

Select questions that are appropriate for your students.

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    Social-Emotional Learning Discussion Questions:


    1.  Why was it so important to Conroy that the children be permitted to have Halloween on the mainland? Do you agree?

    2.  What did you think of the principal, Mrs. Scott? What made her the way she was?


    3.  If you had been in Conroy's position, would you have dealt with your superiors any differently?

    4.  Should Conroy have permitted or encouraged the islanders to go on strike to force his reinstatement?

    5.  Was it important to Conroy to keep his job? Did he act as though it were?


    6.  Do you think Conrack is a good male role model? What were his strengths and his weaknesses?

For suggestions about using filmed adaptations of literary works in the ELA classroom, see Lesson Plans Using Film Adaptations of Novels, Short Stories and Plays.

Click on the link for a discussion of Segregation and Its Corrosive Effects in the Learning Guide to "A Force More Powerful".

Give us your feedback! Was the Guide helpful? If so, which sections were most helpful? Do you have any suggestions for improvement? Email us!

    Moral-Ethical Emphasis Discussion Questions (Character Counts)

    Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues will facilitate the use of this film to teach ethical principles and critical viewing. Additional questions are set out below.


    (Treat others with respect; follow the Golden Rule; Be tolerant of differences; Use good manners, not bad language; Be considerate of the feelings of others; Don't threaten, hit or hurt anyone; Deal peacefully with anger, insults and disagreements)

    1.  Evaluate the conduct of the Department of Education officials in light of this Pillar of Character.

Teachwithmovies.com is a Character Counts "Six Pillars Partner" and uses The Six Pillars of Character to organize ethical principles.

Character Counts and the Six Pillars of Character are marks of the CHARACTER COUNTS! Coalition, a project of the Josephson Institute of Ethics.

    Bridges to Reading: This movie is based on the book The Water is Wide by Patrick Conroy. It is suitable for advanced level readers.
  MOVIES ON RELATED TOPICS: All films in the education section of the Social-Emotional Learning Index.
  Reminder to Teachers: Obtain all required permissions from your school administration before showing any film.

Teachers who want parental permission to show this movie can use TWM's Movie Permission Slip.


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