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    SUBJECTS — Sports/Football; U.S./1913 - 1929; Biography;
    SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING — Leadership; Sportsmanship; Talent;
    MORAL-ETHICAL EMPHASIS — Responsibility.
    Age:8+; No MPAA Rating; Drama; 1940; 96 minutes; B & W; Available from Amazon.com.

    Description:     This is a romanticized Hollywood biography of Knute Rockne, possibly the most creative football coach of all time.

    Benefits of the Movie:     Knute Rockne's Notre Dame football teams were the first to use the forward pass as a major offensive weapon. He also pioneered coordinated backfield movements, called "the shift," which is used to maximize the chance for a large gain on a running play. This film will acquaint children with this innovative man. It will provide an opportunity to discuss the view that college sports are a game subordinate to the important work of education: e.g., Knute Rockne never intervened with a teacher to get a higher grade for one of his players; if a player's grades were not good enough, he was off the team.

    The film contains newsreel footage of Notre Dame football games.

    Possible Problems:    MINOR. This is an old black and white film, acted in a style not current today. (Children should be accustomed to black and white films before they see this movie.) Rockne abandons a promising career as a research chemist and teacher to become a football coach. It is made clear that for all his talent in chemistry, coaching was where his heart and genius really lay.

    The Catholic hierarchy of Notre Dame University is shown with unquestioning worshipful reverence. The recent sex abuse scandals in the Catholic Church have shown the danger of this attitude. Children watching this film should be warned that even a respected occupation, such as the priesthood, draws some people who abuse their position.


Benefits of the Movie
Possible Problems
Parenting Points
Selected Awards & Cast
Helpful Background
Discussion Questions:
      Subjects (Curriculum Topics)
      Social-Emotional Learning
      Moral-Ethical Emphasis
            (Character Counts)
Bridges to Reading
Links to the Internet
Assignments, Projects & Activities

WORKSHEETS: TWM offers the following worksheets to keep students' minds on the movie and direct them to the lessons that can be learned from the film. Teachers can modify the movie worksheets to fit the needs of each class. See also TWM's Historical Fiction in Film Cross-Curricular Homework Project.

QUICK DISCUSSION QUESTION:   Why can a story, like the tale that Rockne told his players about George Gipp, motivate a football team to beat a stronger team?

    Parenting Points:     There are three important things to remember about Knute Rockne. First, he was very creative in his approach to football. If the old techniques weren't working, he thought up something new. Second, he understood that football was secondary to education and he never pressured a professor to give a good grade to a member of his team so that the boy would be eligible to play football. Third, he knew the importance of motivating his team. Share these thoughts with children who see this movie.
  Suggested Response: When a team or group of people have something to fight for which is outside themselves and more than the simple desire to win, they will often work harder and be more cooperative with each other. The comment about winning one for the Gipper not only triggered strong emotions in the players but it gave them something to play for which was outside of and greater than themselves.

    Selected Awards, Cast and Director:

      Selected Awards:   This film is listed in the National Film Registry of the U.S. Library of Congress as a "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant" film.

      Featured Actors:  Pat O'Brien, Gale Page, Ronald Reagan.

      Director:   Lloyd Bacon.

    Helpful Background:

    Knute Rockne (1888-1931) was an innovative football player and coach. His entire career was spent at the University of Notre Dame. He was born in Norway. In 1893, when Rockne was still a child, and his family emigrated to Chicago. After working for four years at the post office he attended Notre Dame and in 1913 served as captain of the Notre Dame football team.

    The forward pass had been legal in football since 1903 but, before Knute Rockne, it had rarely been used by important college teams. Forced to the wall by a more powerful Army team in the 1913 season, Notre Dame used the pass as an integral part of its offense. The Army team was thrown off its game and Notre Dame won the game 35 - 13. The forward pass made football more exciting than it had been in the past, greatly increasing the sport's popularity.

    Rockne was named head coach at Notre Dame in 1918 and served until his death in a plane crash in 1931. He was a master at motivating his players, as is shown by the movie, and he was one of the most successful coaches in the history of football. He led Notre Dame to national championships in 1924, 1929 and 1930. During Rockne's 13 year tenure as head coach, Notre Dame won 105 games, lost 12, and tied 5, for a winning percentage of .881.

    George Gipp was a naturally talented football player for Notre Dame who died of a strep throat infection in 1920. (Antibiotics that could cure streptococcal infections were not in general use until the 1950s). At halftime in the 1928 Army game, Rockne motivated his dispirited team by telling them that George Gipp, on his death bed, had asked the team to "win one for the Gipper." There has been much controversy over whether Gipp actually made the statement, but Rockne maintained all his life that Gipp had said it. This is an example of Rockne's power to motivate his players.

    Ronald Reagan played George Gipp in the movie. There is an interesting bit of trivia about this which provides a valuable lesson. Reagan was a football fan and had for years tried to put together a film about the life of Knute Rockne. Reagan wanted Pat O'Brien to play Rockne and Reagan wanted to play the part of George Gipp. He talked about the idea so much that Warner Brothers, then one of the dominant Hollywood studios, began a production of the film. O'Brien was slated to play Rockne but Reagan was ignored. When he heard about the production, Reagan rushed over to the Warner Brothers lot and asked the producer give him a screen test for the part of Gipp. The producer demurred saying that Reagan didn't look the part of a football player. Reagan soon returned with a photograph of himself when he had played football in college. He got the screen test and, eventually, the part. It was a turning point in his career.

Click here for TWM's lesson plans to introduce cinematic and theatrical technique.

Reminder to Teachers: Obtain all required permissions from your school administration before showing any film.

Teachers who want parental permission to show this movie can use TWM's Movie Permission Slip.

Select questions that are appropriate for your students.

    Social-Emotional Learning Discussion Questions:


    1.  Give three examples from the film of Knute Rockne displaying leadership skills.


    2.  Knute Rockne never intervened with a professor to raise the grades of his players so that they could meet the academic eligibility requirements for playing football. What does this have to do with sportsmanship?


    3.  The search for synthetic rubber was an important scientific enterprise when Rockne graduated from college in the early 1900s. Should Rockne have forgone football and used his talent for innovation in the field of chemistry?

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    Moral-Ethical Emphasis Discussion Questions (Character Counts)

    Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues will facilitate the use of this film to teach ethical principles and critical viewing. Additional questions are set out below.


    (Do what you are supposed to do; Persevere: keep on trying!; Always do your best; Use self-control; Be self-disciplined; Think before you act -- consider the consequences; Be accountable for your choices)

    1.  How did Knute Rockne honor the concept of responsibility by refusing to intervene with teachers so that his players would have grades high enough to maintain their eligibility?

Teachwithmovies.com is a Character Counts "Six Pillars Partner" and uses The Six Pillars of Character to organize ethical principles.

Character Counts and the Six Pillars of Character are marks of the CHARACTER COUNTS! Coalition, a project of the Josephson Institute of Ethics.

    Bridges to Reading: None.

MOVIES ON RELATED TOPICS: See films in the Sports Section of the Subject Matter Index relating to football.

    Links to the Internet: None.



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