SNIPPET LESSON PLAN FOR:
TEACHING CESAR -- "Respect for All"
Ages: 16+; 11th and 12th Grades and College Levels
MPAA Rating: R for intense prolonged realistically graphic sequences of war violence, and for language.
Length: Film: 22 minutes.
This Snippet Lesson Plan is designed to supplement existing lesson plans Cesar Chavez and the United Mine Workers
Students will learn that Cesar Chavez not only demanded better working conditions and pay for farmworkers, but he also sought an end child labor, insisted that women be treated equally in the workplace within the United Farm Worker's Union, campaigned for Gay rights in the 1970s, long before it was popular, and sought an end to the exploitation of animals in the name of science, fashion, sports and food.
Before watching the film students should know that:
Start the clip at the beginning of the film or, three minutes into the film, at the first appearance of the landing craft. Stop when the scene shifts to women in an office.
After the film, tell the class that:
Do the men who died on Omaha Beach so that you can live in this country at this time make a claim on you? If so, what is that claim? Suggested Response: A good discussion will include the following: The dead at Omaha Beach and in all the wars that have been fought to protect the country make claims on us all. That claim is to be the best people we can be so that their sacrifice will not have been in vain. That is how we earn their sacrifice. The dead cannot make a claim for vengeance against the Germans who were killing them at Omaha Beach because that will only result in an endless cycle of violence. The way that we can validate their deaths is to earn their sacrifice by the way in which we live our lives.
There are several other ways to ask the question. The answer will be similar. "How do we repay the men and women who have given their lives so that we can enjoy the benefits of living in this country?" or "What is your reaction after seeing the heroism of U.S. soldiers at Omaha Beach and other battles?"Links to the Internet/Bibliography
Possible Problems for this Snippet:This snippet shows many young men dying in a war zone, dismembered bodies, arterial bleeding, etc.
Why Not Show the Whole Movie?The rest of Saving Private Ryan is not particularly historically accurate and several scenes are horrifically violent. The worst is when, after a struggle, a German soldier looking to be in his 30's overpowers a young GI and lovingly and slowly kills him by pushing a knife into his chest. The two hours and twenty minutes of the movie after the scenes of Omaha beach are beneficial only for the last lines uttered by Captain Miller before he dies when he tells Private Ryan to, "Earn this. Earn it. " Teachers can achieve the same benefit without taking up several hours of class time through the Class Discussion Prompt set out below.
Location on DVD: The clip begins at the start of the film and runs for 29 minutes until the scene shifts to women in an office. Alternatively, the clip start about 3 minutes into the film at the first shot of the beach barriers.
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Select questions that are appropriate for your students.
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This Snippet Lesson Plan written by James Frieden and Deborah Elliott .
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