Intentional Parenting Family Movies
Talking and Playing for Growth With . . .
An American Tail
Social-Emotional Learning — Friendship;
Moral-Ethical Emphasis — Respect; Caring.
At a Glance — Age: 6 - 8; MPAA Rating -- G; Animated; 1986; 77 minutes; Color; Available at Amazon.com.
For children ages 9 & 10 see Learning Guide to this movie.
Description — This movie describes the experiences of Fievel Mousekewitz, a mouse who emigrates from Russia to the United States in 1885. The experience of Fievel and his friends and family parallel the experience of millions of Europeans who immigrated to the U.S. between 1880 and 1924.
Benefits — "An American Tail" introduces the concept of immigration and some of the difficulties that migrants face in a new land. For the millions of children whose families trace their origins to Eastern Europe, the film can serve as an introduction to their own heritage.
For more suggestions about how intentional parents can use family movies to foster verbal, social and emotional learning and teach lessons in character education, see Ideas for Talking and Playing Using Family Movies.
Before watching the movie — Tell your child that a long time ago millions of people came to the United States from all across Europe. They were looking for a new life in which they would have more freedom and could earn a better living for their families. They were told that the streets in the U.S. were "paved with gold." Show your child Europe, the Atlantic ocean, and the U.S. on a globe or a map. See Map of the North Atlantic. Point out some of the different countries of Europe, including Russia, Germany, England, Ireland, France, and Italy. Then point out the location of Minsk (where the journey in this movie started), Hamburg (the port of embarkation from Europe) and New York (the destination in the U.S.). After your child has seen the movie, you can print some outline maps and draw Fievel's journey and the journeys of your family's ancestors.
At one point in the film the mice hear a story about how the streets in the U.S. are "paved with cheese". If you have talked to your child about how immigrants were told that the streets of America were paved with gold, your child's face may light up with recognition and delight.
New Words — unite, feline, mouse, duo, ancestors, generation, family, immigrant, emigrant, history, old country, new country, vegetarian, generation, Statue of Liberty, island, "the cat's out of the bag", "E Pluribus Unum" (it means, "from many, one"), freedom.
TALKING FOR VERBAL, SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTCONVERSATION STARTERS
What part of this movie did you like the best? — Why is that?
Which character, other than Fievel, did you admire the most? — Why is that?
Always encourage your child to form opinions and to share them.Where did the Mousekewitz family live before they came to the United States?
Why did the Mousekewitz family immigrated to the United States?
Just talking with your child fosters verbal, social and emotional learning.Fievel makes friends when he comes to the U.S. Who are they?
Young children love Story Time.
DISCUSSIONS BASED ON THEMES IN THE MOVIE
Select questions appropriate for your child.
1. Are Fievel's friends different from each other? Are they different from him? Talking About It — Yes, Fievel's friends are all different in the ways that show on the outside, like being a mouse or a cat. However, when people are friends the differences that show on the outside aren't as important as the things they have in common, such as caring for each other, liking each other, liking the same games, and having interests in common. Tiger and Fievel sing a song about this.
When a parent takes a concept from a movie seriously, a child will start thinking about the lessons of the film. Often, it only takes one comment to start a child's mind going.2. Why were the immigrant mice so happy when they thought that there were "no cats in America"? Talking About It — The mice thought they would be free from the terrible cats. It turned out that there were cats in America, too. In real life, many immigrants believed that America was a land of riches and freedom where they would escape from the problems they had experienced in the countries they were coming from. But in reality, people faced similar struggles in America. The Mousekewitz family learned this when they encountered their first cat. But there was a difference. In America, immigrants were able to band together and protect themselves (like the mice did in this story) or use the law to stop people who were going to oppress them. This had been much harder to do in the countries they had left.
You can talk about a movie at any time: right after it is over, in the car on the way to school, during quiet time, or before bed.3. If your child remembers a family move, ask: "How did it make you feel? Were you lonely? Were you scared of all of the new places and new people?" Talking About It —Talk about what happened to Fievel when he moved. Eventually, he found friends and his family. Talk about some times you have moved yourself, and how different and scary a place can be at first, but after you have explored it you found fun things and good friends.
Don't feel obligated to cover everything in this Guide. One or two questions are all that some children will tolerate. However, if your child watches the movie more than once, on each occasion start a new conversation or pick a new activity. This will enhance verbal development and increase the number of lessons your child takes from the film.4. Have you ever been lost? How did that make you feel? Talking About It —Children will probably talk about feeling scared, worried, frightened or nervous. Talk about how even if they are lost, families and friends will always be looking for them, just like Fievel's mom, dad and sister. TeachWithMovies.com is proud to be a Character Counts Six Pillars Partner. Character Counts promotes ethics education through the Six Pillars of Character.
PLAYING FOR GROWTH
2. Learn about your ancestors — Look at pictures of your ancestors, and talk to your child about what countries they were from. Trace the journeys of your own ancestors on a map or a globe. Compare them to each other and to the journey of the Mousekewitz family: ask how they are the same, and how they are different. You can also print out a map of the United States and draw stars or circles where members of your family have lived in America. If you have any family heirlooms in the house (whether they are used every day or brought out for special occasions) point them out to your child and explain how they came into the family. Talk about how important they are to you, just like Fievel's hat was to him. All parents can talk about the differences in how slaves came to America; the fact that the slaves did not come of their own free will; the terrible conditions in the lower decks of the slave ships; the high death rate during the "middle passage"; and the lack of freedom when the slaves landed in the Americas.
3. Make a family tree — Use one of the templates suggested on Kids Central Family Tree web page or make your own. Or you can draw a simple tree with branches on a piece of paper. Then add your child's name at the very top. Work down, adding siblings, grandparents, aunts and uncles. You can simply write their names or do a stick-figure drawing, or you can use real photographs. Share your family's history, talking about where they came from, when they came to the U.S., and any name changes, etc. Convey as much history in these descriptions as possible.
Stories are essential tools for verbal development, social-emotional learning, and character education. Intentional parents can use family movies as a basis for storytelling.
Repeat the story of the movie at bedtime, on a rainy day, or at any quiet time. Let your child correct you if you make a mistake and, better yet, encourage your child to tell you the story. Both of you can invent new adventures for Fievel and his friends. Your child's imaginative and verbal capacities will be enhanced if you invent new characters and create situations that are not in the movie. To learn more about enhancing growth and development through stories told to children, go to How to Tell Bedtime Stories . . . Any Time.
Here is a bedtime story developing a theme in "An American Tail".
Back when the United States was a young country and was just filling up with people, big sailing ships brought millions of immigrants from Europe. Many of them got off the ships at New York City. Mice were able to stow away on the ships and come to New York as well. Two of these mice were, Billy and Milly. They were young and had actually been born on the ship as it rolled in the waves.
Bridges to Reading — Escaping to America, Rosalyn Schanzer, Harper Collins, 2000 (ages 4-8). This book talks about why one Jewish family fled to America, much like the Mousekewitz family.
Talking and playing based on family movies is an excellent way to enhance verbal skills and foster social and emotional learning. It's also a great opportunity for character education and increases communication between parent and child. When fathers and mothers make entertainment an engine for their child's growth and development, they are practicing intentional parenting at its best.
Check out TWM's Index of Guides to Talking and Playing for Growth. For all of the TeachWithMovies.com indexes, click here.
This web page was written by James Frieden and Lauren Humphrey. It was last revised on September 1, 2009.
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